More About Guatemala

Guatemala is located in Central America, bordered by Mexico to the west and Belize to the east. Honduras and El Salvador are immediately to the south of Guatemala.

Guatemala is slightly smaller than Pennsylvania.


Estimated population as of July 2016

The largest city in Guatemala is the capital, Guatemala City, with a population of 2.9 million.

There are 291 airports in Guatemala, 16 of which have paved runways. The primary means of transportation are unpaved roadways. There is no passenger railway, and commercial railway has been closed since 2007.

Percentage of people 15 and older who can read and write

Corn is a staple of the Guatemalan diet, most often found in the form of tortillas. Chicken and beef are frequently served in stews, and fresh produce includes cucumbers, radishes, celery, yucca, and plantains. Although Guatemalan coffee is considered to be some of the best in the world, most of it is exported, and “every day” coffee in Guatemala tends to be weak with a large amount of sugar.

Recipe: Caramelized Plantains


2 large ripe plantains, sliced
2 T butter
1 T canola oil
1 C freshly squeezed orange juice
¼ C brown sugar (can be light or dark)
¼ t ground cinnamon
1 t sesame seeds

Medium skillet


  1. Heat the skillet and add the butter and oil.
  2. As soon as the mixture is bubbling, add the sliced plantains and turn the heat to medium-high.
  3. Cook undisturbed for 3 minutes, then flip the plantain slices over.
  4. Cook undisturbed for another 3 minutes, then remove the skillet from the heat.
  5. Add the orange juice to the skillet and stir.
  6. Return the skillet to the stove and turn the heat to low.
  7. Add the brown sugar, cinnamon and sesame seeds to the skillet and stir gently to combine.
  8. Let the mixture sit on low heat for 8 minutes to allow the sugar to caramelize.
  9. Serve immediately, sprinkling with additional sesame seeds.