Bululu Sub-County is a rural town located in Kalaki County, Kalaki District and is approximately 35 kilometers from Soroti City. Bululu Sub-County covers a total land area of 235 square kilometers with an estimated population of 27,000 people living in about 4,665 households. More men are educated than women due to early pregnancies, too much household chores for young girls, and poor sanitary facilities in schools. These factors contribute to high dropout rates for girls, whereas boys may miss school because they are expected to look after the cattle, and fish along the lake shores.
The vision of Bululu Sub-County is to have a healthy, educated, and prosperous community by 2040. Leaders of Bululu are ensuring that awareness is created among the population about life threatening diseases like HIV/AIDS, and that mitigation measures are promoted. They are also lobbying with the development partners to provide both economic and social support like education and health care services to the population.
CarePoint Leader Name: Edwoku Charles
Number of Friendships Available: 150-300
Other Partnerships at CarePoint: None
Nutrition: The nutritional status of Bululu community is unpredictable given the dilapidated environment. The recent health survey by the ministry of health indicate that only 32.4% have good nutrition. The community faces the problem of food insecurity. The little food harvested is sold to earn a daily income for survival. The children are affected due to divorce, polygamy, alcoholism, and poor feeding. The majority have neglected school and have taken route to the lake for a small catch to earn a living hence missing all the benefits of school.
Economic: The livelihood of the area is reliant on subsistence farming and fishing as a main source of food and income. Food security is a major concern. Many families do not have enough food to last through the year, and more than one in four children under the age of five is stunted. This is a result of limited access to current modern technology to till the land. Other people live by casual work/selling labor, keep domestic animals, burn charcoal and fish where they can earn income for basic needs. The typical daily income one earns is two thousand Uganda shillings, or 50 cents in USD.
The following factors account for the high levels of poverty in Bululu Sub-County:
- The community majorly practices subsistence farming which limits their income levels as the yields are only for family consumption.
- High rates of domestic violence among the community which affects their ability to conduct any economic activities.
- Natural calamities such as floods, which frequently damages the plants/crops, housing/shelter, and transport networks in the area.
Education: The education situation completely collapsed in Bululu following the invasion of Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebels in Kaberamaido district, and Bululu was highly affected making it lag behind compared to other parts. The rate at which children drop out of school is high because of persistent poverty. This has caused children to resort to fishing, charcoal burning as a source of income, and early marriages. The area still faces challenges in providing education to the children. Most children fail to go to these schools because of lack of school fees and the long distances in which the schools are situated. When children drop out of school they resort to casual work on the village and involve themselves in bad peer influences that lead them into criminal activities. Bululu has no skills development center, nor do they have any vocational institution.
Health: In the community area of water, sanitation and hygiene, although progress has been made, a lot must still happen to address issues of coverage of water, and the maintenance of existing water sources. Sanitation is still poor due to reluctance of the population to sink pit-latrines and maintain the existing water sources. The population has problems in accessing health facilities, sometimes situated between 5-10 kilometers away. According to an assessment done by medical agencies in the sub county, rates of malnutrition are evident. There is high HIV prevalence because many families are polygamous, and high rates of separation as a result of domestic violence — a condition that has left children in the area in desperate conditions hence children are left to live with their grandfathers.
Religion: Bululu is predominantly Catholic, followed by Anglican, and lastly Evangelical. Islam and paganism are the minority. The religious institutions have helped in maintaining law and order and spiritual support.
Estimated Project and Program Cost Over 10 Years (Programs and Projects): $408,093
Types of Initial Programs Projected: $292,375
Types of Initial Projects Projected: $115,718
Land and Fencing: $22,858
CarePoint Facility Construction: $34,287
Income-Generating Activities: $42,858
Capacity Building/ Mentorship: $15,715
Largest Cost: Income-Generating Activities: $42,858
Our intent here is to provide a brief overview of the ideas and vision for this community that are hoped to be realized while we continue to work, train and implement effectively. The items and estimations in here are based on historical programming and project costs, in similar areas (if applicable), archived over time, in the country and are subject to change. For each CarePoint and community, a formal Community Profile and Risk Assessment will have been completed by our staff before we begin programming. Those factors, combined with the vision and dreams of the community are combined to form a comprehensive plan for this community over time. Every project cost that has been listed will be evaluated with a formal proposal and evaluation when it comes time to fundraise and implement the project.
The HopeChest Team Supporting Bululu
Community Partnership Manager
HopeChest Partnership Leader